Pigmentation Treatment

Pigmentation Treatment in Ludhiana

What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation is described as the unique colouring of the skin of an individual as a result of melanin deposition. Melanin is a coloured pigment produced by the specialised cells called melanocytes, located at the base of the epidermis.

Normally, skin pigmentation varies according to the race or ethnicity of an individual and the extent of exposure of the skin to the sun’s UV radiations. Dark-skinned people have extra melanin content in the skin while fair-complexioned people have little melanin content. Pigmentation irregularities may occur when the melanocytes are not properly functioning or are irrationally dispersed on the skin.

When there is a pigmentation glitch, the skin appears dark or light in spots/patches. Such unusual darkening or lightening of the skin can affect the aesthetics of an individual, thereby lowering his/her confidence or esteem. This is when pigmentation becomes an aesthetic concern.

Dr. Roopi Khera, Pigmentation treatment doctor in Ludhiana at The Glo Medispa Clinic, first checks the skin and conducts further tests to diagnose the root cause of pigmentation. Then based on the assessment she provides patients with best treatments that help them to manage pigmentation concerns and achieve a smoother skin tone.

Benefits of Pigmentation Treatment

Pigmentation irregularities impact one’s aesthetics and make them more conscious of their looks. Now, many advanced, highly effective, safe, and minimally-invasive pigmentation treatments can help someone regain confidence by normalising his/her skin tone. The in-office pigmentation treatments work not only to fade out dark spots or get light spots to match with the surrounding natural skin tone but also provide additional aesthetic skin improvements. These treatments are quick, painless, have minimal side effects, and have no extensive downtime.

Causes of Pigmentation

Skin pigmentation disorder is the result of an imbalance in the production of eumelanin and pheomelanin in the skin and the varied amount, size, and functioning of melanosomes- the melanin pigment production factories. Too much melanin production results in skin darkening while little melanin production makes the skin paler. Depigmentation leads to total loss of melanin in the skin. These pigmentation issues can be caused by a variety of factors including:

  • Genetics- Some genes are responsible for melanin regulation in the skin. Therefore, individuals may show a genetic predisposition to hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation.
  • Sun exposure- When skin is exposed to the sun’s harmful UV rays, it produces more eumelanin to shield itself from the sunlight. This makes the skin turn darker than usual.
  • Side effects of particular medications- Medications like certain antibiotics and oral contraceptives as well as photosensitive drugs can result in hyperpigmentation.
  • Others- Skin pigmentation can also be a result of Vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency; injury/trauma to the skin like cuts, burns, or acne, and certain illnesses such as Addison’s disease and thyroid disease.

Types and Symptoms of Pigmentation Disorders

Hyperpigmentation (dark spots/patches):

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation- This pigmentation disorder occurs as irregular, darkly pigmented macules or patches in the previous sites of inflammation or injury/trauma. It is usually an outcome of burns, friction, acne breakouts, or aggressive treatments like lasers, chemical peels, and dermabrasion. Over time, darkening of the affected skin often lightens, but the pigmentation can show up again.
  • Solar lentigines- Also referred to as liver spots or sun spots, this type of pigmentation appears as 1 to 3 cm well-circumscribed, variegated macules of light yellow to dark brown colour. They are found on the sun-exposed areas of the skin including the face, chest, shins, hands, forearms, and back. These are an outcome of acute or chronic exposure of the skin to the sun’s harmful UV radiations.
  • Melasma- This pigmentation disorder presents on the sun-exposed facial or forearm skin as light brown, brown, or grey, well-defined macules. It is commonly seen in pregnant women or those taking oral contraceptives as a result of hormonal fluctuations. Thyroid disorders, stress, and hereditary factors can also contribute to its occurrence.
  • Freckles (or ephelides)- This pigmentation disorder is characterised by 1 to 2 mm sharply defined macules of colour ranging from red or tan to light brown. It is often noticed on the face, neck, chest, arms, and legs of people with Fitzpatrick skin types I and II, in summers after repeated sun exposure. The onset of freckles is in childhood after sun exposure and they fade out during winters.
  • Café au lait macules- These are 1-20 cm tan to brown macules that appear on the individual skin’s surface at birth or in early childhood. They may appear anywhere on the skin but most commonly they appear on the trunk of the body. The condition is the result of extra melanin content in the melanocytes or basal keratinocytes.’

Hypopigmentation (light spots or patches):

  • Vitiligo- It is a chronic hypopigmentation condition characterised by sharply defined, coalescent, 5 to 50 mm pale macules or patches on the skin of the face, hands, neck, forearms, genitalia, periorificial, lips, fingertips, or/and body folds. Possibly, it is an immune-mediated condition wherein healthy skin cells are mistakenly destroyed by the immune cells.
  • Pityriasis alba- This hypopigmentation condition appears as irregular, itchy, fine scale, and slightly inflamed patches on the face, forearms, neck, and head. Its occurrence has a possible association with atopic dermatitis or eczema and is aggravated by sunlight exposure.
  • Tinea versicolor- It is a fungal (Malassezia sp.) skin infection that may be characterised by pale white plaques on dark-complexioned skin and pale brown, pink, or red plaques on fair-complexioned skin. The skin patches may have fine scales. This skin condition is usually noticed on the chest, neck, back, abdomen, or proximal extremities.
  • Post-inflammatory hypopigmentation- These are light macules or patches that appear on the injured/inflamed areas of the skin. They can be caused due to various reasons like atopic dermatitis, tinea versicolor, guttate parapsoriasis, pityriasis alba, atopic dermatitis, or intralesional corticosteroid use.

Depigmentation (white spots/patches):

  • Albinism- It is an inherited depigmentation condition caused by changes in the genes playing a role in melanin production. It leaves the skin pale or white because of the loss of melanin.

How can Pigmentation be Treated?

Mild pigmentation is treatable with some oral and topical medications. Medications may work to treat underlying skin ailments that trigger pigmentation issues or they may help modify the skin tone to get it back to normal. Hydro-quinone, antifungals, retin-oids, cortico-steroids, calcin-eurin inh-ibitors, and topical adap-alene are some of the first-line treatments provided to people with hyperpigmented or hypopigmented skin.

With technological advancements made in aesthetic dermatology, various cosmetic skin treatments can help effectively address hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, and depigmentation. Some of the most recommended skin pigmentation treatments offered by dermatologists include:

  • Laser therapy- This is a popular pigmentation removal treatment in Ludhiana performed by skin experts at The Glow Medispa Clinic. There are two types of laser therapies: Ablative and Non-ablative. Ablative lasers are intense on the skin and work to vaporise the superficial skin layers to reveal new skin from underneath which is free of pigmentation. In contrast, non-ablative lasers help heat the skin dermis without harming the normal superficial skin. The heat from lasers works to break down the extra melanin deposits in the skin and simultaneously promote fresh collagen synthesis. Multiple laser sessions may be needed weeks apart to achieve optimal skin improvements.
  • RF microneedling- This is an innovative microneedling skin darkening treatment in Ludhiana that involves using a device having multiple fine needles delivering radiofrequency energy to the pigmented skin. The rf micro-needling device is gently rolled over or pressed on the pigmented skin to create multiple micro-injuries on the skin while transferring heat to the deeper skin layers. The body responds naturally by inducing collagen and elastin synthesis and encouraging the growth of new, healthy skin cells, thereby improving the skin tone and texture.
  • Chemical peel- In this treatment, acid solutions are applied onto the skin of particular strength, based on the depth and type of pigmentation. These acids work to remove the pigmented layers of the skin. There are three kinds of peels: superficial (light), medium, and deep peels. Peels known to be effective for the treatment of pigmentation include alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) like lactic acid and glycolic acid; a beta-hydroxy acid like salicylic acid; phenol, or trichloroacetic acid (TCA). For mild or medium peels, acid peels need to be applied multiple times to get the desired level of exfoliation while deep peels usually show results in a single session. Acid peels work for age spots, sun damage, and melasma. The choice of the pigmentation treatment or dark spot removal treatment in Ludhiana recommended by a dermatologist depends upon the type and severity of the skin pigmentation.

To manage pigmentation and to achieve the wonderful benefits of these amazing skin brightening treatments visit The Glo Medispa, Best Skin Pigmentation Treatment Clinic in Ludhiana.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can people of any skin type or colour go for pigmentation treatment?

This depends upon what treatment option is chosen and the severity of the pigmentation. Pixel Q-switched laser therapy is safe for individuals of any skin type and colour.

How many pigmentation treatment sessions will I need?

The number of sessions you will need to get rid of the pigmentation problem depends upon the treatment being performed, the size of the pigmented area, and the type/severity of pigmentation. For instance, laser therapies require 3-5 sessions while chemical peels may need 5-6 sessions to deliver optimal results.

How much does a skin pigmentation treatment cost?

The cost of pigmentation removal in Ludhiana varies for every candidate based on the size and location of the pigmented area, the type and severity of the pigmentation, the clinic chosen, the treatment option chosen, the expertise and experience of the dermatologist, and the number of sessions needed.

Are there any home remedies for treating pigmentation irregularities?

Hyperpigmentation can sometimes respond well to natural home remedies. The effective home remedies include apple cider vinegar, yoghurt or milk, green tea, Vitamin C, aloe vera, red onion, licorice extract, and mulberry.

Request an appointment today!

A best aesthetic dermatologist can help identify the cause of your hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation and work with you to determine the best possible, personalised treatment plan. If you are seeking the best pigmentation treatment in Ludhiana by a top-notch dermatologist, schedule an initial consultation with Dr. Roopi Khera at The Glo Medispa Clinic today.


Clinic Timings
Monday to Sunday: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM