Acne treatment in Ludhiana

What is acne?

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit, i.e., the hair and its adjoining gland that secretes normal oils to keep the skin moisturized. Acne is also called pimples, open heads, black heads, etc.

Acne can present as any of the following lesions:

  • Open comedones (black heads)
  • Closed comedones (white heads)
  • Papules (reddish spots)
  • Pustules (reddish spots with yellow fluid)
  • Nodules (painful large solid red spots)
  • Nodulocystic (large painful swollen lesions with fluid and thick wall)

Acne can involve one or more of the following areas of the body

  • Cheeks
  • Forehead
  • Chin
  • Jawline
  • Neck
  • Scalp
  • Chest
  • Back
  • Buttocks
  • Shoulders

How does acne occur?

The quality of sebum generated by these glands changes and makes the environment more suitable for the growth of bacteria (Cutibacterium acnes).

In addition to excessive and abnormal sebum production, the dead cells of the superficial layer tend to clog the opening of the pilosebaceous unit.

The combination of these factors makes the glands swell, resulting in painful reddish spots on the face, back, chest, arms, buttocks, scalp etc. The environment inside the gland opening is determined by the genetics, bacterial load, regularity of exfoliation, blood glucose levels, hormones etc.

Why do some people get acne and some don’t?

Whether a person will get acne or not is strongly determined by their family history. 39% of teenagers with acne have first-degree relatives with a history of acne.

There are other factors that make a person predisposed to acne. These are as follows:

  • Hormones
  • Diet
  • Ongoing medications
  • Underlying health issues
  • Humid environment
  • Cosmetics
  • Oil application
  • Occlusive and tight clothing

How does acne affect a person?

In addition to the physical trauma of pain, rarely itching on the affected site; acne affects the mental health too.

People who suffer from acne can experience the following:

  • Poor body image
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Anger
  • Frustration
  • Diminished self esteem
  • Social isolation

The most common age group for acne is 14-18 years, and this is the age when one develops the personality and confidence that determine a person’s social and professional growth in a significant way. Acne can affect personality development and individuals may end up avoiding social gatherings, setting low expectations and goals for themselves. Therefore, early and aggressive treatment of acne can greatly improve the outcome in multiple ways other than just cosmetic appearance.

When to seek treatment for acne?

When it comes to acne, delaying the treatment or using home remedies only prolongs the suffering and deteriorates the outcome. The earlier and holistic approach to acne treatment not only resolves acne faster but also prevents the scarring due to acne.Early resolution of acne also prevents the psychological trauma due to acne.

Taking acne treatment advice from your aunt, friend, salon lady, or an unqualified professional might not only delay treatment but may also complicate the situation. Quick fix For acne treatment, creams or tablets can be more harmful than helpful as they may fix the acne temporarily but cause long-term issues like exacerbation of acne, skin thinning, unwanted visible veins on the skin, and photosensitivity.

What should you expect when you visit the doctor?

The diagnosis of acne is mostly clinical unless it involves the scalp, pubic area, and axilla severely, and another diagnosis needs to be ruled out. The doctor will take a detailed history of your acne regarding the duration and associated symptoms.

The doctor might ask you to get a few blood tests done before starting the treatment. The treatment plan might include multiple modalities depending on the severity of acne and the cause of acne. It can be as simple as applying a few creams or gels or something as advanced as microneedling and fractional lasers. The treatment is step-wise and slow.

What blood tests do I need to get done?

You might need to get tested for the following, depending on your history:

  • Ovarian hormones
  • Adrenal hormones
  • Pituitary hormones
  • Insulin levels
  • Thyroid hormones
  • Vitamin D levels

What are the treatment options for acne?

The treatment options for acne can be anywhere between topical creams and microneedling.

Mild acne treatment may include topical creams with salicylic acid, azileic acid, glycolic acid, tretinoin, lactic acid, tea tree oil, etc.

For moderate acne, treatment will include one or more of the following:

  • Oral isotretinoin
  • Oral doxycycline
  • Oral azithromycin
  • Oral zinc
  • Oral silymarines
  • Oral myoinositol

In-clinic treatments for acne include one or more of the following:

  • Salicylic acid peels
  • Azileic acid peels
  • Jessner’s peel
  • Mandelic peel
  • Laser toning with carbon
  • Hollywood facial
  • Fire & Ice facial
  • Microneedling

How does Laser Toning help with acne?

Laser toning with Carbon or “The Glo Signature Hollywood Facial” improves your acne by reducing inflammation, controlling sebum production, stimulating new collagen, and preventing acne scars.

In cases of mild acne or comedonal acne, carbon is extremely helpful. The carbon enters the pores and forms a layer over the epidermis. This carbon, when targeted with a laser, gets activated and reduces the bacterial load in the oil glands. The heat generated by carbon dissipates into the dermis and tightens the collagen, thereby reducing the acne scar formation. The laser light also reduces the erythema, or redness, left by the acne.

How does microneedling treat acne?

Acne has the peculiar property of not letting the medication enter from outside. This creates an oxygenless environment in the oil glands which further supports the growth of acne-causing bacteria.

With microneedling using Dermapen 4, we cause oxygenation of the pilosebaceous gland, which kills the bacteria. Also, the serums used during microneedling change the sebum composition of the oil glands from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory. The trauma caused by microneedling also stimulates the collagen and does not let the scars happen.

How long do I need to take treatment for acne?

Acne will take around 6-8 weeks to improve, though you will need to maintain a lifestyle and skin care products for 2-3 years to prevent a recurrence of acne. In cases of severe acne, you may need treatment for 12–18 months. The treatment duration is quite variable depending on your underlying cause of acne. The in-clinic treatments will be required for 6-8 sessions to treat acne as well as acne scars.

What causes acne scarring?

The fact that touching acne only makes it scar is not entirely true. All acne will scar if left untreated.

Though the scarring is variable depending on the depth of acne lesions,

Black heads and white heads will leave ice-pick scars, which are mostly perceived as open pores.

Cystic and nodular acne usually leaves behind rolling or box-type scars due to the larger extent of tissue damage.

Sometimes the scars left are flat changes in skin color, especially if the acne is treated. This scarring responds best to the treatment.

How can acne scars be prevented?

  • Early treatment
  • Completion of treatment
  • Sun protection
  • High intake of anti-oxidants

What are the lifestyle changes to prevent acne?

  • Reducing or eliminating processed sugars
  • Avoiding dairy products
  • Avoiding processed wheat
  • Maintaining a low glycemic index diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Increased water intake
  • Destressing
  • Regular skin care products

What precautions should be followed while undergoing the treatment?

  •  Limit sun exposure
  • Avoid tanning beds
  • Avoid salon facials or home made face packs
  • Do not bleach or wax
  • Do not over-exfoliate
  • For a week after the treatment, do not swim, steam, or sauna.

Real Results



Clinic Timings
Monday to Sunday: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM