A Comprehensive Guide to Getting Rid of Pigmented Skin

Melanin, a pigment that gives skin its colour, varies in concentration from person to person. This pigment is essential for protecting the skin from harmful UV radiation; therefore, exposure to sunlight can increase melanin production as the body strives to defend itself. More melanin means darker (tanned) skin.

Sun exposure, heredity, hormonal changes (during pregnancy), drugs (oral contraceptive pills), skin injury, and skin inflammation can all cause irregular skin pigmentation. It may appear as hypopigmentation (a lack of melanin, resulting in paleness) or hyperpigmentation (an excess of melanin, resulting in darker areas of skin). If you are suffering from any type of pigmentation or any type of skin darkening concern, then this blog by a skin pigmentation treatment doctor in Ludhiana Dr. Roopi Khera will guide you on the treatments for managing this skin concern effectively.

Types of Pigmentation

  • Melasma: This skin condition is caused by an overproduction of melanin induced by hormonal overstimulation; it is most commonly caused by high oestrogen levels, such as during pregnancy or when using hormone replacement therapy.
  • Solar keratosis and solar lentigo: These are localised skin changes caused by ageing and/or excessive sun exposure.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH): This hyperpigmentation that appears at the site of inflammation; is most commonly caused by infection (as in acne) or certain autoimmune diseases.
  • Freckles: The hyperpigmented areas are caused by an increased sensitivity to solar radiation, which is frequently inherited.

The Main Causes of Pigmentation

Pigmentation is a common skin disorder that takes place when the skin produces too much or too little melanin, the pigment that gives the skin its colour. It can be caused by a number of factors, including heredity, sun exposure, hormone changes, and skin traumas.

  • Pigmentation is influenced by genetics, and individuals with darker skin tones are likely to have more melanin in their skin.
  • Sun exposure is yet another cause of pigmentation, and UV rays can stimulate the formation of melanin, resulting in uneven skin tone and dark spots.
  • Hormonal changes, such as those experienced during pregnancy, can also result in pigmentation, commonly known as melasma.
  • Acne, wounds, and burns to the skin can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which occurs when the skin generates more melanin than normal in the affected area.
  • Age, drugs, and certain medical disorders may also lead to pigmentation.

Treatment for Pigmentation in Ludhiana

Topical Treatment

Over-the-counter creams and gels containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, retin-oids, vitamin C, niaci-namide, or licorice extract can help remove dark spots and even out skin tone. However, if these products are misused, they can cause irritation or other adverse effects, so it’s important to visit a dermatologist in Ludhiana before using any topical treatment to ensure it’s appropriate for your skin type and condition.

Chemical Peels

The chemical peel is a natural and safe pigmentation removal treatment in Ludhiana that helps to prevent future skin discoloration by gently reducing the appearance of pigmentation. This one-of-a-kind treatment uses concentrated, strong medical-grade vitamins and plant extracts to progressively dissolve pigmentation.

The skin expert uses skin-correcting boosters to create a personalised Vitamin-A infusion customised to the patient’s skin issues, which is then massaged into the skin following the peel. This chemical peel is a skin pigmentation treatment that revitalises the complexion, making it appear more rejuvenated, moisturised, and plump. This peel exfoliates the skin effectively to remove dead cells and enhance the appearance of older-looking skin. This is an effective treatment for those whose skin is sensitive, dry, and dehydrated.


The cutting-edge cosmetic microneedling technological advances will stimulate cell renewal and heal damaged skin caused by pigmentation or ageing. When passed over the skin, the needle contains a succession of small needles that cause micro-injuries. These micro-injuries activate the body’s natural healing reaction, which includes the formation of collagen, a protein that aids in the firmness and smoothness of the skin. When the skin generates new collagen, it can aid in pigmentation concerns by minimising the appearance of dark spots and other discolouration. Multiple treatments over time will help to strengthen the skin, resulting in better skin texture and tone.

Laser Toning

Laser toning is a safe and effective laser pigmentation removal treatment that targets melanin in the area of concern with a laser, breaking it down into tiny particles that the body may then naturally remove. It can be used to treat any benign pigmentation, such as freckles, sun spots, age spots, sun damage, and liver spots, in a safe and effective manner. There is no downtime; however, the treated area will become somewhat darker soon after treatment and must be protected with sunscreen. The number of treatments required will be determined by the degree of the pigmentation, although the majority of patients notice significant changes in the appearance of their skin after just one session. Depending on the degree of pigmentation, one may require additional Pigmentation Treatment in Ludhiana.

Also to learn more about pigmentation laser treatment price in Ludhiana, consult Dr. Roopi Khera for more details.

Preventive Measures to Prevent Pigmentation

Despite the stresses of daily life, one must take the time to care for their skin. A good daily skincare routine, for example, is an easy way to try to prevent pigmentation. One can help prevent pigmentation and get a brighter, more even skin tone by sticking to a consistent skincare regimen that includes sun protection, brightening agents, exfoliation, and retinoids.

  • Sunscreen: First and foremost, it is critical to protect the skin from the sun’s damaging UV rays. Because sun exposure is the leading source of pigmentation, it is critical to understand the significance of sunscreen. As the final step in the morning’s skincare routine, apply sunscreen.
  • Vitamin B3: Vitamin B3 (niacinamide) minimises the appearance of pigmentation and helps to correct uneven skin tone. It can also minimise inflammation and prevent pigment transfer to the skin.
  • Vitamin A: Vitamin A helps to keep pores clear and speeds up skin cell turnover, resulting in a smoother, more even complexion. This is an excellent component for reducing skin texture and tone issues caused by pigmentation.
  • Vitamin C: A potent antioxidant that is necessary for healthy skin, vitamin C can help even out skin tone by suppressing the enzyme tyrosinase, which is responsible for melanin synthesis. Vitamin C can help prevent and lessen pigmentation by lowering melanin synthesis.


Skin pigmentation differs from person to person and is caused by a variety of causes. However, regardless of the cause or type of skin pigmentation a person has, there are numerous treatment methods available to help reduce its appearance.

Remember that protecting the skin from excessive sun exposure and maintaining proper skincare routines can go a long way towards preventing pigmentation concerns in the first place.

Get in touch with the experts to learn more about hyperpigmentation treatment in Ludhiana with the expert Dr. Roopi Khera.